The Heraklion is the largest city of Crete and the largest port of the island and seat of the municipality of Heraklion who emerged as the Kallikratis program , it is the fourth most populous country and simultaneously the fourth largest urban center. Once the capital of the island of the prefecture and Temenos province, today is the seat of the municipality with a population of 173.993 inhabitants (2011), is the seat of the Decentralized Administration of Crete, home of Crete, as well as headquarters of the Church of Crete and the Archbishop of. Cathedral of the city is the church of Agios Minas. The city of Heraklion on the resistance and heroism during the German invasion and the Battle of Crete (1941) was awarded the Military Cross D. Order.
Key economic sectors of the city is the tourism , the agriculture and the trade . It has an industrial area four kilometers southeast of the center. Heraklion also has one of the largest currently in motion airports in Greece (second in total after Athens and first in charter flights), the airport “Nikos Kazantzakis” and port with dense coastal transport mainly with Piraeus and other islands presenting large passenger and cargo traffic.
Apart from Athens and Thessaloniki to Heraklion is the only city in Greece which contains within the same urban fabric seats Kallikratis two different municipalities. Heraklion from the homonymous municipality with 140.730 inhabitants, and the Gazi (12 606 inhabitants) by Malevizi municipality, together with the city of New Bodrum (14.635) and other smaller adjacent settlements, an agglomeration of the largest in the country.